1. Sleep Problems
Research indicates that children with ASD are more likely to get sleep issues unlike their typical children. Autistic girls who have sleep issues experience sleepiness during the day hence leading to behavioral issues such as moodiness and aggression. Further, lack of sleep reduces concentration and attentiveness significantly which interfers with learning.
Some of the ways of improving sleep for autistic girls include creating a sleep schedule, exercising and taking proper diets.
2. Gastrointestinal Problems
Children who have ASD are more likely to develop gastrointestinal issues compared to their peers. These issues include vomiting, diarrhea, constipation and abdominal pain. Gastrointestinal issues are common in autistic girls due to differences in the bacteria located in the gut, inflammation of the gut tract and poor diet. Autistic girls with gastrointestinal issues may be unable to express their discomfort and may show it in other ways such as crying and aggression. Parents of autistic girls should ensure the girls take balance diets and take a lot of water to facilitate digestion and prevent constipation. An examination by a general physician is also important in determining the underlying cause of the gastrointestinal issue.
Seizures are more likely to occur among autistic children than in the general population. People with epilepsy are more likely to develop autism hence implying that seizures and autism often occur together. Seizures in autistic girls occur as a result of disruption of neural development. In adolescents sezuires occur due to failure of the rewiring of the neural circuit to cope with social and body changes. This explains an increase in seizures among teenage girls. Treatment options may include administration of anti-epilyptic drugs and nerve stimulation.
4. Low Muscle Tone
Low muscle tone is common in autistic children. Autistic girls have floppy muscles unlike their counterparts with no developmental disabilities. Common signs of low muscle tones include poor posture, difficulty in chewing food and poor balance while walking or running. Additionally, low muscle tone in autistic girls causes difficulty in speech development which may result in low self-esteem especially in puberty.
Some of the ways of addressing low muscle tone in black autistic girls include using tools, massages and PROMPT.
5. Sensory Sensitivities
People living with autism are either very sensitive to light, touch, smell and sound or not sensitive at all. Scientists are yet to give reasons why autistic people have sensory sensitivities. However, researchers argue that these sensitivities could be either genetic or environmental. Sensory sensitivities hinder autistic black girls from participantin in daily activities.
To address this, measures such as resting, sensory stimulation and staying away from trigger environments are recommended.